KHIVA and the fortresses of ancient Khorezm.
Route description: Kunya-Arch >Juma-mosque >Tash-hauli>Islam KhojaMadrasah and minaret >Pakhlavan-Mahmoudmausoleum >Nurulla-BieyPalace >Toprak-Kala>Ayaz-Kala>Janbas-Kala.
Duration: 2 days. Transport: first day- walking tour, second day- vehicles.
Khiva is interesting with its’ almost completely preserved architectural space/places of internal (Khans’) down town -Ichan-Kala, mainly constructed in XVIII c. and at the beginning of XX century. From the western gates of Ata-darvaza, on the left and right along the central street, leading from the Ata-darvaza to the gates of Palvan-darvaza, there are located two main monuments: Kunya-Arch khan’s palace, tens of madrasahs, unfinished minaret Kalta-Minor, Juma-mosque with two hundred wooden columns and a minaret. At the end of the street, the road leads to Kutlug-Murad-Inakmadrasah and further to Tash-HauliPalace with harem. To the south,there is the Pakhlavan-Mahmoud necropolis and Islam-Khojamadrasah with high minarets. Finally, outside theIchan-Kala, tourists can get familiarized with the Nurulla-BieyPalace of the beginning of XX century, having elements of European architecture.
The route of the second day runs along the territory of the Southern Karakalpakstan, wherein, two-three thousand years ago, there was situated a flourishing Oasis with hundreds of cities and fortresses. Today, due to the changes of the riverbed and shallowing of Amudarya, this is a semi-desert region keepingthe ruins of the cities and fortresses of ancient Khoresm. The main objects: the capital of ancient Kharesm-Toprak-Kala with the remains of the Royal Palace, Ayaz-Kala complex of fortresses, the antique fortresses of Kizil-Kala and Janbas-Kala are located at a distance of 60-70 km to the East ofKhiva. You can reach there by a motor transport through the bridge over Amudarya.