Northern Group

After the Mongols conquered Samarkand, Shahi-Zinda memorial, which arose around the mausoleum of Kusam ibn Abbas, was abandoned. It began to revive in the second quarter of the 14thcentury as a suburban Muslim shrine alongside of the new city, on the site of rabad. Then Shahi-Zinda ensemble developed chronologically from north to south. Khadja-Ahmad mausoleum was erected in the 1340s at the top of the northern part of the memorial. It blocked the track along the main axis of the necropolis. The inscription on the mausoleum says: “… may Allah prolong their eternity to make a tomb a garden of happiness for Khadja-Ahmad”. In 1361 a mausoleum was built next to it for a highborn married woman. Both mausoleums were decorated with carved glazed terracotta of bluish-green, and ash-blue colors. At the beginning of the 15th century on the west side of the same platform, there was built a mausoleum and a mosque on behalf of Tuman-aga, Temur’s younger wife. The portal of the mausoleum is covered with blue cashin mosaics.

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© Marakanda Expedition, 2017 .